Wednesday, September 23, 2009

Indonesia-Batch 1964



Indonesia 1 Sen 1964 UNC

Indonesia-Batch 1964



Indonesia 5 Sen 1964 UNC

Indonesia-Batch 1964



Indonesia 10 Sen 1964 UNC

Indonesia-Batch 1964



Indonesia 25 Sen 1964 UNC

Indonesia-Batch 1964



Indonesia 50 Sen 1964 UNC

Russia Sergei Mavrodi (MMM)



Sergei Mavrodi (MMM) 1 Biletov

Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan 200 Tenge 1999 VF
Front: Abū Naṣr al-Fārābi
Back: Domes

Tuesday, September 22, 2009

Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan 500 Tenge 1999 VF
Front: Abū Naṣr al-Fārābi, between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951, was a Persian polymath and one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of Persia and the Islamic world in his time. He was also a cosmologist, logician, musician, psychologist and sociologist.
Back: Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi

An Iranian stamp from 1950 with Al-Farabi's imagined face.
Name: Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn al-Farakh al-Fārābi[1]
Title: The Second Teacher[2]
Birth: c. 872[2]
Death: c. 950[2]
Region: Central Asia, Iran, Egypt and Syria
Maddhab: Twelver Shi'a Muslim[2]
School tradition: known as "Father of Islamic Neoplatonism"; gave rise to the Farabian school[1]
Main interests: Metaphysics, Political philosophy, Logic, Music, Science(Tabi'iat), Ethics, Mysticism[2], Epistemology and Medicine
Works: kitāb al-mūsīqī al-kabīr ("The Great Book Of Music"), ārā ahl al-madīna al-fāḍila ("The Virtuous City"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-ʿulūm ("On The Introduction Of Knowledge"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-īqā'āt ("Classification Of Rhythms")[2]
Influences: Aristotle, Plato, Porphyry, Ptolemy,[citation needed], Al-Kindi
Influenced: Avicenna, Yahya ibn Adi, Abu Sulayman Sijistani, Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi, Ibn Bajjah, Mulla Sadra

Al Amiri, Averroes, Maimonides and Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī, Leo Strauss
Read more

A view of the mausoleum, ca. 1390.

The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi (1103-1166) an unfinished mousoleum. The mausoleum has survived as one of the best-preserved of all Timurid constructions. Its creation marked the beginning of the Timurid architectural style. The religious structure continues to draw pilgrims from across the region and has come to epitomize the Kazakh national identity. It has been protected as a national monument, while UNESCO recognized it as the country’s first site of patrimony, declaring it a World Heritage Site in 2003. Read more

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hungary



Hungary 500 Forint 2008 UNC
Front: Ferenc Rakoczi
Back: Sárospataki Vár Castle

Sunday, September 20, 2009

Hungary



Hungary 500 Forint Commerative 2006 UNC
Front: Ferenc Rakoczi
Back: Orszaghaz - Hungarian
Parliament in Budapest, Hungarian flag, 50th Anniversary
of anti-soviet uprisal in Hungary



Who is Francis II Rakoczi? Leader of the Hungarian against the Habsburgs in 1703-11, prince of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary, Prince of Transylvania and member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. For today he is consider as a hero in the Hungary.

He born on 27 march 1735 in Borsi, Royal Hungary to Francis I Rákóczi and Zrínyi Ilona. Francis II Rákóczi is a third child in the family. His brother George died before he Francis was born, sister Julianna was four years older to Francis. Francis father died when Francis II was four months baby. Read more

Banknotes
Rákóczi’s portrait can be found on Hungarian banknotes. Before it had been withdrawn from circulation, it was on the 50-forint note. Since then it has been transferred to the 500-forint note.

One of the Europe's oldest and notable landmark and also largest building Hungary and second largest Parliament in Europe.

Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thursday, September 17, 2009

Hungary



Hungary 200 Forint 2006 UNC
Front: King Charles Robert from the House of Anjou
Back: Diósgyör Castle

Diosgyor Castle is a medieval castle in the historical town of Diósgyőr. The first castle built in the 12th century and was destroy by Mongol invasion during 1241-1242. The castle that stands today was probably built by King Béla IV, who, after the Mongols left the country, ordered that a castle has to be built on every hilltop. Read more
Aerial view of the ruins of the castle (Now)

how it looked like in the Middle Ages (Than)

Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and Magyar Kiralysag

Hungary



Hungary 10 Pengo 1939 VF
Front: Mary with Jesus and a female model
Back: Statue of king St. Stephen by Alajos Stróbl

Best side for Hungarian pengő Banknotes

King St. Stephen (967/969/975 – August 15, 1038) is the first king of Hungary where he broadly established Christianity in the region. His birthday is celebrated as a state holiday commemorating the foundation of the nation. Read more

Statue of King Stephen I of Hungary and Queen Giselle in Veszprém (Hungary)

The Holy Right, the king's right hand

Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Mongolia



Mongolia 1 Tugrik 1993 UNC
Front: Chinthe
Back: Soemba arms

Jordan



Jordan 1 Dinar 2005 UNC
Front: Sharif Hussein bin Ali
Back: Great Arab Revolt

Sayyid Hussein bin Ali,

Sayyid Hussein bin Ali, GCB (1854 — June 4, 1931) was the Sharif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself King of Hejaz, which received international recognition. In 1924, he further proclaimed himself Caliph of all Muslims. He ruled Hejaz until 1924, when, defeated by Abdul Aziz al Saud, he abdicated the kingdom and other secular titles to his eldest son Ali. When Hussein declared himself King of the Hejaz, he also declared himself King of all Arabs (malik bilad-al-Arab). This aggravated his conflict with Ibn Saud, with whom he had fought before WWI on the side of the Ottomans in 1910. Two days after the Turkish Caliphate was abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly on March 3, 1924, Hussein declared himself Caliph at his son Abdullah's winter camp in Shunah, Transjordan. The claim to the title had a mixed reception, and he was soon ousted and driven out of Arabia by the Saudis, a rival clan that had no interest in the Caliphate. Saud defeated Hussein in 1924. Hussein continued to use the title of Caliph when living in Transjordan.

The funeral of King Hussein in Jerusalem, 1931.

Though the British had supported Hussein from the start of the Arab Revolt and the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, they elected not to help Hussein repel the Saudi attack, which eventually took Mecca, Medina, and Jeddah. He was then forced to flee to Cyprus, where he donated funds for the construction of an Armenian church. He went to live in Amman, Transjordan, where his son Abdullah was king. After his abdication, his son 'Ali briefly assumed the throne, but then he too had to flee the encroachment of Ibn Saud and his Salafi forces. His son Faisal was briefly King of Syria and later King of Iraq.

Hussein died in Amman in 1931 and is buried in Jerusalem.

Hussein Marriage and children:
Hussein, who had four wives, fathered four sons and three daughters with three of his wives. With his first wife Abdliya bin Abdullah he had:

* Prince Ali, last King of Hejaz married to Nafisa bint Abdullah.
* Prince Abdullah, Emir (later King) of Transjordan married to Musbah bint Nasser, Suzdil Hanum, and Nahda bint Uman.
* Princess Fatima - married an European Muslim Bussinesman from France.
* Prince Faisal, King of Iraq and Syria married to Huzaima bint Nasser.

With his second wife Madiha he had:

* Princess Saleha married to Abdullah bin Muhammed.

With his third wife Adila Khanmun he had:

* Princess Sara married Muhammad Atta Amin in July 1933 divorced September 1933.
* Prince Zeid, succeeded King Faisal II of Iraq on his assassination in 1958, but never ruled as Iraq became a republic. Married to Fakhrelnissa Kabaac.

Soldiers in the Arab Army during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. They are carrying the Arab Flag of the Arab Revolt and pictured in the Arabian Desert.



The Great Arab Revolt


Much of the trauma and dislocation suffered by the peoples of the Middle East during the 20th century can be traced to the events surrounding World War I. During the conflict, the Ottoman Empire sided with the Central Powers against the Allies. Seeing an opportunity to liberate Arab lands from Turkish oppression, and trusting the honor of British officials who promised their support for a unified kingdom for the Arab lands, Sharif Hussein bin Ali, Emir of Mecca and King of the Arabs (and great grandfather of King Hussein), launched the Great Arab Revolt. After the conclusion of the war, however, the victors reneged on their promises to the Arabs, carving from the dismembered Ottoman lands a patchwork system of mandates and protectorates. While the colonial powers denied the Arabs their promised single unified Arab state, it is nevertheless testimony to the effectiveness of the Great Arab Revolt that the Hashemite family was able to secure Arab rule over Transjordan, Iraq and Arabia. Read more

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and kinghussein.gov.jo

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Iraq



Iraq 100 Dinar 2002 UNC
Front: Saddam Hussein
Back: Old Baghdad

addam Hussein's family (clockwise from top L), son-in-law Saddam Kamel and daughter Rana, son Qusay and daughter-in-law Sahar, daughter Raghad and son-in-law Hussein Kamal, son Uday, daughter Hala, Saddam Hussein and his first wife Sajda Talfah, pose in this undated photo from the private archive of an official photographer for the regime

Baghdad in 1930

Baghdad in 1932

Suq al-Ghazel (The Yarn Bazaar) Minaret in Baghdad, Mesopotamia (Iraq). This is the oldest minaret in Baghdad. It belonged to the Caliph Mosque built by Caliph Muktafi 901–907 AD
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