Tuesday, December 16, 2008


Venezuela 2 Bolivares 2008 series UNC
Front Design: Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez March 28, 1750 - July 14 1816),
Back Design: Orinoco River Dolphins with Coro Dunes

In 1940, the Banco Central de Venezuela began issuing paper money, introducing by 1945 denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 bolívares. 5 bolívar notes were issued between 1966 and 1974, when they were replaced by coins. In 1989, notes for 1, 2 and 5 bolívares were issued.

Set of 2008 series..

Statue of Francisco de Miranda in Fitzroy Street, London.

Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez commonly known as Francisco de Miranda, was a Venezuelan revolutionary. Although his own plans for the independence of the Spanish American colonies failed, he is regarded as a forerunner of Simón Bolívar, who during the Hispanic American wars of independence successfully liberated a vast portion of South America. Miranda led a romantic and adventurous life. An idealist, he developed a visionary plan to liberate and unify all of Spanish America but his own military initiatives on behalf of an independent Spanish America failed in 1812. He was was handed over to his enemies and four years later, in 1816, died in a Spanish prison. Within fourteen years of his death, however, most of Spanish America was independent.

Information and Image obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Uruguay 5 Pesos 1998 series A UNC
Front Design: Joaquin Torres Garcia
Back Design: Pintura construcctiva 1943

Joaquín Torres García
Born July 28, 1874(1874-07-28)
Died August 8, 1949
Nationality Uruguayan
Field Painting, Sculpture
Training Escuela Oficial de Bellas Artes and Academia Baixas, Barcelona
Movement Constructivism
Awards Premio Nacional de Pintura (Uruguay)

Joaquin Torres Garcia art works...
Arte universal (1943)

Constructivo con campana ("Construction with belltower", 1932)

Information and image obtained from From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thursday, December 11, 2008


Ukraine 1 Hryvnia 2004 (December 1, 2004)UNC
Front Design: Vladimir the Great
Back Design: The fortress wall of Volodymyr in Kiev


Uganda 5 Shilling 1982 UNC
Front Design: Map, arm
Back Design: Coffee bean picker

The Coat of Arms of Uganda is centered on a shield and spears on a green mound.

The shield and spears represent the willingness of the Ugandan people to defend their country. There are three images on the shield: those on top represent the waves of Lake Victoria; the sun in the centre represents the many days of brilliant sunshine Uganda enjoys; and the traditional drum at the bottom is symbolic of dancing, and the summoning people to meetings and ceremony.

The shield is flanked on the right by a Crested Crane (Balearica regulorum gibbericeps), a subspecies of the Grey-crowned Crane and the national bird of Uganda. On the left is the Ugandan Kob (Kobus kob thomasi), a species of Kob that here represents abundant wildlife.

The shield stands on a green mound, representing fertile land, and directly above a representation of the River Nile. Two main cash crops, coffee and cotton, flank the river. At the bottom is the national motto: "For God and My Country".

Coat of arms of Uganda
Information and Image obtained from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Monday, December 8, 2008


Turkmenistanyn 5 Manat
Front Design: Musical College; Horn-shaped Parthian rhyton (drinking horn; vessel)
Back Design: Turkmen coat of arms; Abu Seyid Mausoleum

It was introduced on November 1, 1993, replacing the Russian ruble at a rate of 1 manat = 500 ruble.

Religion in Turkmenistan
Traditionally, the Turkmen of Turkmenistan, like their kin in Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran are 89% Muslim, 9% Eastern Orthodox, and 2% unknown.

Although the great majority of Turkmen readily identify themselves as Muslims and acknowledge Islam as an integral part of their cultural heritage, many are [[Irreligion non-believers]] and support a revival of the religion's status only as an element of national revival. They do not attend mosque services or demonstrate their adherence publicly, except through participation in officially sanctioned national traditions associated with Islam on a popular level, including life-cycle events such as weddings, burials, and pilgrimages.

Other religions
Orthodox Christianity
Nine percent of the country's citizens are Eastern Orthodox.

Other Christianity
Protestantism in Turkmenistan and Roman Catholicism in Turkmenistan
Protestants account for less than 1 % of the population of Turkmenistan. There are very few Catholics in the country - around 50 in total.
The Roman Catholic Church in Turkmenistan is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome.

Catholic missionnaries became relatively more active in Turkmenistan in 2005.In 2007 there were already over 20 places of worship for Catholics in the country, of which 4were in Turkmenabat and 3 in Mary. The community in Turkmenabat alone consists of 500people, most of whom are recent converts from Islam. The community is headed by Fr. Jabbar, an Azerbaijan-born pastor.

Hinduism spread in Turkmenistan by Hare Krishna Missionaries. Hare Krishnas are a minority community in Turkmenistan. Many of the 600 Indians in Turkmenistan are Hindu.

Major Hare Krishna festival banned in April 2005
Officials warned the Hare Krishna community in the capital Ashgabad not to hold celebrations on 17 and 18 April for the festival of Rama Navami, an annual celebration marking the appearance of Lord Sri Ramachandra and one of the most important Hare Krishna festivals Major Hare Krishna festival banned in April 2005

Bahá'í Faith
Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan
The Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan begins before Russian advances into the region when the area was under the influence of Persia.By 1887 a community of Bahá'í refugees from religious violence in Persia had made a religious center in Ashgabat Shortly afterwards — by 1894 — Russia made Turkmenistan part of the Russian Empire.While the Bahá'í Faith spread across the Russian Empire and attracted the attention of scholars and artists, the Bahá'í community in Ashgabat built the first Bahá'í House of Worship, elected one of the first Bahá'í local administrative institutions and was a center of scholarship. However during the Soviet period religious persecution made the Bahá'í community almost disappear - however Bahá'ís who moved into the regions in the 1950s did identify individuals still adhering to the religion. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991, Bahá'í communities and their administrative bodies started to develop across the nations of the former Soviet Union; In 1994 Turkmenistan elected its own National Spiritual Assembly however laws passed in 1995 in Turkmenistan required 500 adult religious adherents in each locality for registration and no Bahá'í community in Turkmenistan could meet this requirement. As of 2007 the religion had still failed to reach the minimum number of adherents to register and individuals have had their homes raided for Bahá'í literature.

Freedom of religion is guaranteed by article 11 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan. However, like other human rights, in practice it does not exist. Former President Saparmurat Niyazov's book of spiritual writings, the Ruhnama, is imposed on all religious communities. According to Forum 18, despite international pressure, the authorities severely repress all religious groups, and the legal framework is so constrictive that many prefer to exist underground rather than have to pass through all of the official hurdles. Protestant Christian adherents are affected, in addition to groups such as Jehovah's Witnesses, Bahá'í, and Hare Krishna. Jehovah's Witnesses have been imprisoned and suffered beatings due to being conscientious objectors.

Information obtained from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thursday, December 4, 2008


Thailand 50 Baht (Polymer) 1992 UNC
Front Design: H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej in the uniform of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
Back Design: Statue of King Rama VII modeled from the monument in front of the National Parliament Building in Bangkok.

Anantasamakhom Throne Hall, Bangkok


Thailand 20 Baht 03 March 2003 UNC
Front Design: H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej in the uniform of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces

King at age 19

Back Design: H.M. King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) September 20, 1925 till June 9, 1946 (aged 20)

Ananda MahidolRama VIII of Thailandพระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล

Image obtained from: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Tanzania 500 shilling Unc
Front Design: African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo,1.7 meters high, 3.4 meters long. It lives in swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa.
19 century drawing of an african buffalo
Image obtained from: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Back Design: Nkrumah Hall at the University
of Dar es Salaam. University of Dar es Salaam. The main campus, called Mlimani is located 13 kilometers west of Dar es Salaam city center. The university offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees, and also has Certification Programs. Nkrumah Hall is featured on the back of the Tanzanian 500 shilling bill.
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