Tuesday, September 22, 2009
Kazakhstan 500 Tenge 1999 VF
Front: Abū Naṣr al-Fārābi, between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951, was a Persian polymath and one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of Persia and the Islamic world in his time. He was also a cosmologist, logician, musician, psychologist and sociologist.
Back: Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi
An Iranian stamp from 1950 with Al-Farabi's imagined face.
Name: Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn al-Farakh al-Fārābi
Title: The Second Teacher
Birth: c. 872
Death: c. 950
Region: Central Asia, Iran, Egypt and Syria
Maddhab: Twelver Shi'a Muslim
School tradition: known as "Father of Islamic Neoplatonism"; gave rise to the Farabian school
Main interests: Metaphysics, Political philosophy, Logic, Music, Science(Tabi'iat), Ethics, Mysticism, Epistemology and Medicine
Works: kitāb al-mūsīqī al-kabīr ("The Great Book Of Music"), ārā ahl al-madīna al-fāḍila ("The Virtuous City"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-ʿulūm ("On The Introduction Of Knowledge"), kitāb iḥṣāʾ al-īqā'āt ("Classification Of Rhythms")
Influences: Aristotle, Plato, Porphyry, Ptolemy,, Al-Kindi
Influenced: Avicenna, Yahya ibn Adi, Abu Sulayman Sijistani, Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi, Ibn Bajjah, Mulla Sadra
Al Amiri, Averroes, Maimonides and Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī, Leo Strauss
A view of the mausoleum, ca. 1390.
The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi (1103-1166) an unfinished mousoleum. The mausoleum has survived as one of the best-preserved of all Timurid constructions. Its creation marked the beginning of the Timurid architectural style. The religious structure continues to draw pilgrims from across the region and has come to epitomize the Kazakh national identity. It has been protected as a national monument, while UNESCO recognized it as the country’s first site of patrimony, declaring it a World Heritage Site in 2003. Read more
Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia