Monday, August 31, 2009

Yugoslavia, French Inspired Banknotes



Yugoslavia 50 Dinara 1931
Front: King Alexander

On 1 December 1918, in a prearranged set piece, Alexander, as Regent, received a delegation of the People's Council of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, an address was read out by one of the delegation, and Alexander made an address in acceptance. This was considered to the birth of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1921, on the death of his father, Alexander inherited the throne of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which from its inception was colloquially known both in the Kingdom and the rest of Europe alike as Yugoslavia. On 6 January 1929, in response to the political crisis triggered by the murder of Stjepan Radić, King Alexander abolished the Constitution, prorogued the Parliament and introduced a personal dictatorship (the so-called "January 6 Dictatorship", Šestojanuarska diktatura). He also changed the name of the country to Kingdom of Yugoslavia and changed the internal divisions from the 33 oblasts to nine new banovinas on 3 October. In the same month, he tried to banish by decree the use of Serbian Cyrillic to promote the exclusive use of Latin alphabet in Yugoslavia. In 1931, Alexander decreed a new Constitution which transferred executive power to the King. Elections were to be by universal male suffrage. The provision for a secret ballot was dropped and pressure on public employees to vote for the governing party was to be a feature of all elections held under Alexander's constitution. Furthermore, the King would appoint half the upper house directly, and legislation could become law with the approval of one of the houses alone if it were also approved by the King. Read More

Alexander I, King of Yugoslavia
prev. King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yugoslavia, French Inspired Banknotes



Yugoslavia 1000 Dinara 1931 Circulated
Front: Queen Maria of Romania



Maria of Romania (6 January 1900 – 22 June 1961) was queen consort to King Alexander I of Yugoslavia. Maria was born in Gotha, Thuringia in Germany, during the reign of her maternal grandfather Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and during the Romanian reign of her granduncle King Carol I. She was known as Mignon in the family to distinguish her from her mother. Her mother was Marie of Edinburgh, a daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, a son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Her maternal great-grandfather was Emperor Alexander II of Russia. Maria's father was King Ferdinand I of Romania. She married Alexander I, King of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade on 8 June 1922, and raised three sons:

* King Peter II (1923–1970)
* Prince Tomislav (1928–2000)
* Prince Andrej (1929–1990)

She became Queen Mother of Yugoslavia when, following the assassination of King Alexander in Marseille in 1934, her oldest son became Peter II of Yugoslavia, the last Yugoslav king. She moved to a farm in England and lived a relatively normal life, without royal extravagance. Maria was well educated. She spoke several languages fluently and enjoyed painting and sculpting. She also drove a car by herself[citation needed], which was very unusual at the time. She died in exile in London on 22 June 1961 and is interred at the Royal Burial Ground at Frogmore, which adjoins Windsor Castle. Queen Maria was well loved, and respected, by the people of Yugoslavia and continues to be well thought of. She remains, in the eyes of the Serbian people, one of the greatest humanitarian patron's of the Balkan region. Streets are named in her memory, such as “Ulica kraljice Marije” or “Queen Maria Street”, and numerous schools and other organizations still carry her name.


Queen Maria with her younger sons, Tomislav and Andrej

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yugoslavia, French Inspired Banknotes



Yugoslavia 1000 Dinara 1941

Yugoslavia, French Inspired Banknotes



Yugoslavia 100 Dinara 1929 G
Front: Woman with Sword
Back: Sailing Boats

French Indo-Chine, 5 Piastre



French Indo-Chine 5 Piastre VG 1946
Front: Liberty
Back: Ruins of Angkor wat

Sunday, August 30, 2009

French-Indochine, 1 Piastre



French Indo-Chine 1 Piastre VG 1932

French Banknotes, 10 Francs 1975

Last photograph of Berlioz, 1868




French Banknotes (Old Francs)10 Francs VG 1975
Front: Louis Hector Berlioz
Back: Hector Berlioz with a music instrument

Cabinet card photo of Hector Berlioz by Franck, Paris, ca. 1855.

Hector Berlioz born on 11/12/1803 he was a music composer. Best known as French Romantic composer. He performed several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians and also composed around 50 songs for voice and guitar. He born in france to a respected provincial physician, scholar father and to an orthodox Roman Catholic mother. He had five siblings in all, three of whom did not survive to adulthood. The other two, Nanci and Adèle, remained close to Berlioz throughout his life. He studying music at age 12. In 1821, at age 18, Berlioz was sent to Paris to study medicine,a field for which he had no interest and, later, outright disgust after viewing a human corpse being dissected. Read More

Painting of a young Berlioz by Émile Signol, 1832. Owned by the French Academy, Rome. Also in a reproduction by Paul Siffert, 1907. Owned by Musée Hector Berlioz

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friday, August 28, 2009

Tuesday, August 18, 2009

Malawi



Malawi 10 Kwancha F 1997
Front: John Chilembwe, Bank logo, Fishermen in Boat
Back: Girls in Education

Reverend John Chilembwe (1871 – February 3, 1915) was an orthodox Baptist educator and an early figure in resistance to colonialism in Nyasaland, now Malawi. Today John Chilembwe is celebrated as a hero for independence, and John Chilembwe Day is observed annually on January 15 in Malawi. In 1913 a famine caused hardship, and people from Mozambique moved to Nyasaland. Chilembwe was upset by the way his parishioners and the refugees were exploited by plantation owners. Workers were denied wages, and beaten. William Jervis Livingstone, a plantation owner, burned down rural churches and schools established by Chilembwe. Chilembwe also was affected by the conscription of local men to fight for Britain in Tanzania against the Germans in World War I, for no immediately foreseeable benefit to Africans. He complained of racism and exploitation. On January 23, 1915 Chilembwe staged an uprising: he and 200 followers attacked local plantations that they considered to be oppressing African workers. Chilembwe's plan involved the killing of all male Europeans. They killed three white plantation staff, including Livingstone, whom they beheaded in front of his wife and small daughter. Several African workers were also killed, but they did not harm any women or children on orders of Chilembwe. When the uprising failed to gain local support, Chilembwe tried to flee to Mozambique; however he was killed by officials on February 3, 1915. Although Chilembwe had sent letters to neighboring Zomba and Ncheu encouraging them to organize uprisings at the same time his word did not arrive in time. When his letters did finally arrive on Monday, January 25 the authorities already knew of the plot and the hastily coordinated uprisings failed to accomplish much. The colonial officials also killed a number of his followers. Chief among the victims of these reprisals were the 175 Africans listed on the uprising's "War Roll" and the 1,160 names on the list of Baptised Believers.

Infor mation Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kenya



Kenya 100 Shilling VG 1992
Front: Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi
Back: Independence monument

(August 22, 1978 – December 30, 2002). Born in Kurieng wo village on 2nd September, 1924, raised by his mother Kimoi Chebii. He finished his secondary education and later join Tambach Teachers Training College in Keiyo. He was a teacher from 1946 to 1955 than he entered politics. In 1960 he founded the Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) with Ronald Ngala to challenge the Kenya African National Union (KANU) led by Jomo Kenyatta. In 1957 Moi was re-elected Member of the Legislative Council for Rift Valley. He became Minister of Education in the pre-independence government of 1960–1961. In 1963, 12-12 Kenya gained it's independence. Moi was elected to the Kenyan parliament in 1963 from Baringo North. Since 1966 until his retirement in 2002 he served as the Baringo Central MP. Daniel arap Moi married Lena Moi (born Helena Bommet) in 1950, but they separated in 1974, before his presidency. Thus "Mama Ngina", the wife of Jomo Kenyatta, retained her first lady status. Lena died in 2004. Daniel arap Moi has eight children, five sons and three daughters. Among the children are Gideon Moi (a former MP), Jonathan Toroitich (a former rally driver) and Philip Moi (a retired army officer). Jonathan Toroitich's best result in the WRC was 5th place in the 1997 Safari Rally with Toyota Celica ST185. His older and only brother William Tuitoek died in 1995.

Monday, August 17, 2009

Thursday, August 6, 2009

Lebanon, Baalbek, UNESCO World Heritage Site



Lebanon 1 Livre 1980 VF
Front: Columns of Baalbek
Back: Cavern

Back around 5000 years of the Baalbek. State in UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1984. Monumentally scaled temple ruins of Roman period when Baalbek known as Heliopolis. It's can be said ancient world wonders and lebonan's greatest Roman treasure. 19th century Bible archaeologists wanted to connect Baalbek to the "Baalgad" mentioned in Joshua 11:17, but the assertion has not been taken up in modern times. Read More

Kyrgystan



Kyrgystan 10 Tyiyn UNC
Front: Bald Eagle
Back: National Ornament

Kyrgystan



Kyrgystan 1 Tyiyn UNC
Front: Bald Eagle
Back: National Ornament

Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan 5Tenge UNC 1993
Front: Kurmangazy Sagyrbaev
Back: Mausoleum complex

Kurmangazy Sagyrbaev (1823–1896), was a Kazakh composer, instrumentalist, and folk artist. He is buried in the Astrakhan region of Lower Volga in today's Russian Federation.

Stamp of Kazakhstan devoted to Kurmangazy Sagyrbayuly, 1998

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan 3Tenge UNC 1993
Front: Aronuly Suinbai
Back: Mountain river; Alatau mountains

Aronuly Suinbai (1815-1898) he is a famous poetic, outstanding and brilliant representatives of a democratic. His creative work reflects the history and traditions, and life and morals of the Kazakhs, and is imbued with enthusiasm for the struggle for justice and a belief in future of his people.

Jamaica



Jamaica 2 Dollar UNC 1990
Front: Paul Bogle
Back: School Student

He is a Jamaican rebel, leader of the 1865 Morant Bay Rebellion who was executed on October 24 by the United Kingdom which it was under the British colony. He also named as Jamaican National Hero title RT. Excellent Paul Bogle. On a 10cent Jamaican coin heads side portrait of Paul Bodge. Paul Bodge 1822-1865. Lived in Stony Gut in St. Thomas. He is a success and well educated young man.

Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Israel



Israel 5 Lirot 1968 UNC
Front: Albert Einstein
Back: Atomic reactor at Nahal Sorek.

Albert Einstein 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was an ethnically Jewish, German-born theoretical physicist. He is often regarded as the father of Modern Physics and the greatest scientist of the 20th Century. Einstein published more than 300 scientific works and more than 150 non-scientific works. Born in Ulm in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire on March 14, 1879. Einstein at the age of 4. His father showed him a pocket compass, and Einstein realized that there must be something causing the needle to move, despite the apparent "empty space.


Albert Einstein in 1893 (age 14). From Euclid, Einstein began to understand deductive reasoning, and by the age of twelve, he had learned Euclidean geometry. Soon after he began to investigate infinitesimal calculus. At age 16, he performed the first of his famous thought experiments in which he visualized traveling alongside a beam of light. Einstean and Mileva Maric married in 1903 and had 3 children, first daughter Lieserl(died in infant), second son Hans Albert Einstein and third son Eduard Einstein. Later Einstein moved to Berlin while his wife stay back in Zurich with theie son's. The couple later divorced in 14 feb 1919 and live apart for five years. In 1923 Einstein married to Elsa Lowenthal. His second marriage didn't last long Elsa died of heart and kidney problem in 1936.

Albert Einstein in 1893 (age 14).

Albert Einstein, 1905, The Miracle Year. On 30 April, 1905, Einstein completed his thesis with Alfred Kleiner, Professor of Experimental Physics, serving as pro-forma advisor. Einstein was awarded a PhD by the University of Zurich. His dissertation was entitled A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions.

Albert and Elsa Einstein. In 1933, they emigrated permanently to the United States.

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Iran



Iran 100 Rials 1992 UNC
Front: A. Moddaress
Back: Parliament

Seyyed Hassan Modaress c. 1870- 1937, brave and incorruptible and most fervert mullah supporter of true constitutional gorverment. Studied islamic sciences in isfahan and najaf became a religious teacher in an Esfahan's madrasa.

The old Majlis Building (ex-Senate) used from 1979-2004.

The original Majlis Building ca. 1956.

Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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