Monday, August 3, 2009
Guatemala, Tikal National Park, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Guatemala 1/2 Quetzal 1998 UNC
Front: Tecun Uman
1500?-February 20, 1524. Tecun Uman was the ruler and king of the Kiche-Maya people in the highland, now Guatemala. He is considered the most representative of his people for his bravery and dignity because he fought to protect his land and his people. He was declared Guatemala's official national hero on March 22, 1960 and is commemorated on February 20, on the anniversary of his death.
Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tikal largest archaeological sites. Major sites of Mayan civilization, inhabited from the 6th century B.C. to the 10th century A.D. The ceremonial centre contains superb temples and palaces. In UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. There are thousands of ancient structures at Tikal and only a fraction of these have been excavated, after decades of archaeological work. The most prominent surviving buildings include six very large Mesoamerican step pyramids, labeled Temples I - VI, each of which support a temple structure on their summits. Some of these pyramids are over 60 meters high (200 feet). They were numbered sequentially during the early survey of the site. Tikal was one of the major cultural and population centers of the Maya civilization. Though monumental architecture at the site dates to the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, ca. 200 to 900 AD, during which time the site dominated the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily while interacting with areas throughout Mesoamerica, such as central Mexican center of Teotihuacan. There is also evidence that Tikal was even conquered by Teotihuacan in the 4th century.  Following the end of the Late Classic Period, no new major monuments were built at Tikal and there is evidence that elite palaces were burned. These events were coupled with a gradual population decline, culminating with the site’s abandonment by the end of the 10th century.
Panorama showing Temple I and Temple II facing each other on the Plaza Mayor
Information and Image Obtained From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia